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Изучите следующие слова к тексту. Vocabulary (Study the following words to the text)

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it goes without saying – само собой разумеется

to broaden the mind – расширять кругозор

shore — берег

resident – постоянный житель, местный житель

resident population – постоянное население, местное население

to increase — увеличиваться

undeveloped coastline – незастроенная береговая линия

inspection – осмотр

to reveal – показывать, свидетельствовать

ancient – древний

to occupy — занимать

except for – кроме

direction – направление

to assure – гарантировать, обеспечивать

to maintain – поддерживать, сохранять

substantial – существенный

gain — прибыль

to pollute – загрязнять

litter – мусор

major — главный

to destroy – разрушать

breath – дыхание

cave – пещера

entrance — вход

temple – храм, церковь

inscription — надпись

to chisel – высекать, вырезать

long-term – долгосрочный, длительный

benefit – прибыль, польза

to support – оказывать поддержку, поддержку

to protect – защищать

attitude – отношение

artefacts – остатки древней культуры

to accept – принимать

Прочитайте следующий текст и переведите предложения с новыми словами (Read the following text and translate the sentences with the studied words)

Text D

Tourism: Pros and Cons

Millions of people all over the world are fond of travelling. They travel to see other countries and continents, to discover different ways of life, to meet different people and to practise foreign languages. It goes without saying that travelling broadens the mind. While travelling we can see and learn a lot of things that we can never learn staying at home and watching TV or reading books. No wonder that a lot of people enjoy visiting new places.

Today tourism is the worlds second largest industry. The Mediterranean shores have a resident population of 130 million, but this increases to 230 million each summer because of the tourists. In Spain. France, Italy and most of Greece there is no undeveloped coastline left. In Notre Dame in Paris 108 visitors enter each minute during opening hours.

Global tourism is big business. It can bring substantial economic gain to developing regions. But what are the effects of tourism?

The Mediterranean is the dirtiest sea in the whole world. Most popular resorts are polluted: litter has become a major problem. A lot of ancient monuments are being destroyed by unstoppable march of tourism. For example, the prehistoric paintings at Lascaux in France were being slowly ruined by the breath and bacteria from 200,000 visitors a year. The caves have now been closed to the public and a replica has been built.

At the entrance to one of the ruined temples of Petra in Jordan there is an inscription chiselled into the soft red rock. It looks as if it has been there for centuries. But closer inspection reveals that It is not so ancient after all. It reads: Shane and Wendy from Sydney were here. April 16th 1996.

Many of great cities of Europe, such as London or Rome, are now finding that their historic centres are fast becoming occupied by tourists with clicking cameras and left by all local residents except for the souvenir sellers.

So whats the way out? In my opinion tourism should be given a humanistic direction. Cultural and environmental groups should work together to assure that tourism can maintain long-term benefits. Governments should create special programmes to support local residents and to protect cultural monuments.

But first of all people should change their attitude to tourism. We shouldnt buy cultural artefacts or products made from wild animals. We should try not to pollute our environment, try to accept different cultures and support traditional lifestyles.

 

3. Ответьте на вопросы после перевода текста. Answer the questions:

1. Why do people travel? 2. What are the effects of tourism? 3. What are the favourite tourist spots in your country? Do they have any problems because of tourists? 4. Will the development of tourism bring economic gain to Russia? Why do you think so? 5. Should we reject tourism in order to preserve cultural monuments? Why? 6. What should we do to attract tourists to Russian cities and towns? 7. What is “socially responsible travel”?

 

Прочтите и переведите диалоги. Выучите диалоги наизусть.

(Read and translate the dialogues. Learn by heart.)

Dialogues 1

— Can I help you?

— Can I get a second-class ticket to Brighton on Monday for the train leaving at 9.30?

— Single or return?

— Return, please.

— 6.35, please.

— Thank you. And which platform for the Brighton train, please?

— Platform 3, madam.

— Thank you.

 

  Dialogues 2

 

— May I help you?

— Yes, please. Id like to make a round-trip reservation to New York on Tuesday, June 23rd.

— All right. What time would you like to leave Los Angeles?

— Do you have any flights around 2 pm?

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— Yes, theres a flight departing at 2.10.

— Thatll be fine. Id like a return flight on June 28th. In the late evening.

— Yes, weve got a 10.05 pm return flight.

-Fine.

— All right. I have you booked on Flight 64 departing Los Angeles on June 23rd at 2.10 pm, and arriving in New York at 11 pm, New York time. Your return flight is Flight 292 departing New York on June 28th at 10.05 pm and arriving in Los Angeles at midnight.

— Thank you. How much does it cost?

— $135, please.

— Here you are.

 

Тема N 5. 

         Путешествие в другие страны.  

              (Travelling Abroad)

 

 Изучите  новую лексику.

 

1. Read the following international words from the text and guess their meaning in Russian:

Comfortable, method, real, passport, visa, special, cheque, stamp, camera, phrase, post, local, tourist, information, office form, permanent, residence, visit, date.

2. Memorize the following words and word combinations:

To prefer Предпочитать
Convenient Удобный
A railway Железная дорога
A journey Поездка, путешествие
A train Поезд
A compartment Купе
A sleeper Спальный вагон
A boat Лодка, пароход
A means Способ, вид
A ticket Билет
Luggage Багаж
To try Пытаться, пробовать
To go sightseeing Осматривать достопримечательности
To fill out/in a form Заполнять бланк
Citizenship Гражданство
A purpose Цель

 

1. If you want to get some information about means of travelling and going abroad, read this text:

                                                         

                                      TEXT A

 

  We all like travelling and feel terribly bored when we cant go anywhere.

Some people prefer travelling by air. They say that there is nothing like travelling by plane. It is more comfortable, more convenient and far quicker than any other method. There is none of the dust of the railway or car Journey.

  The other people prefer travelling by train. They can see a splendid view of the whole countryside from the comfortable corner seat of a compartment. If the journey is a long one, the travellers can have a bed in a sleeper and have a meal in the dining room.

  And some people consider that there is no travel so fine as by boat. They love to feel the deck of the boat under their feet, to see the rise and fall of the waves, to feel the fresh sea wind and hear the cry of the sea-gulls.

    But no one can deny that walking is the cheapest means of travelling. We are saving our money travelling on foot. The walkers leave the dull broad highway and go along lanes where cars cant go. We see the real country, the wild flowers, the birds, the deer in the forest.

  So, different means of travel are interesting, exciting and wonderful!

  Dont forget to take with you your passport (if you are going to another country), a visa (a special stamp in your passport to go to some countries), your ticket, some travelers cheques and currency (money of the country you are going to), a camera, a phrase book (if its a different language) and your luggage. When you are there send some postcards, try the local food, go sightseeing, try to speak the language, go to the Tourist Information Office (or the Tourist Office) if you have any questions.

  When going to Great Britain or the United States, you will have to fill out a special form where you put down your first and last name, your date of birth, your permanent residence, and your country of citizenship and the purpose of your visit.

 

Word list:

to feel bored – чувствовать скуку . dust – пыль . a splendid view of the countryside – великолепный сельский пейзаж . a wave – волна . a sea-gull — чайка . to save money – экономить деньги . a lane – тропинка . the deer – олени (зд.) . to deny – отрицать.

 

2. Match the words and word combinations on the left with their Russian equivalents on the right:

 

1. date of birth a. гражданство
2. highway b. разговорник
3. railway c. купе
4. citizenship d. фотоаппарат
5. sleeper e. удобный
6. purpose of the visit f. дата рождения
7. means of travel g. тур-агентство
8. compartment h. багаж
9. traveller’s cheque i. постоянное место жительства
10. car journey j. железная дорога
11. luggage k. способ путешествия
12. tourist office l. дорожный чек
13. permanent m. путеществие на автомобиле
14. camera n. спальный вагон
15. currency o. цель визита
16. convenient p. автострада
17. phrace book q. валюта

 

3. Translate the following word combinations into English:

путешествовать пешком, ехать в другую страну, путешествовать на самолете, предпочитать путешествовать на поезде, осматривать достопримечательности, заполнить бланк, попробовать местную пищу, путешествовать на пароходе.

 

4. Match the questions with the answers a — h:

1. Where is our compartment?                                               

2. Where can I cash travelers cheques?

3. What is the purpose of your visit?

4. What is your country of citizenship?

5. What means of travel do you like best?

6. What kind of road would you choose to take a car journey?

7. What is the quickest means of travelling?

8. Where can you get information about travelling?

 

a. I prefer travelling by boat.

b. At the Tourist office.

c. I am from Russia.

d. Its over there.

e. By plane.

f. A highway is more convenient for fast driving.

g. Its a business trip.

h. At the nearest bank.

 

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
D              

 

5. Use one of the following words to complete these sentences:

enjoy, luggage, sleeper, phrase, prefer, sightseeing, currency, cameras, try, railway, date, permanent 

 

1. I… travelling light. 2. Tell me your … of birth. 3. Here is our … coming. 4. The train has already arrived at the … station. 5. The tourists usually take a lot of pictures with their…. 6. My family prefers travelling in a…. 7…. exchange is one of the bank services. 8. Russia is a country of my… residence. 9. A … book can help the travelers communicate with the strangers. 10. Id like to… local food. 11. On the first day of his stay in London he went…. 12. There are a lot of clubs, discos and restaurants in Las-Vegas where you can… the nightlife.

 

 


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