It was a rainy day in November, 1891. An instructor at SpringfieldCollege in Massachusetts climbed up a ladder and nailed a fruit basket to thewall of the gymnasium. Then he climbed down the ladder. He picked up a footballand threw it. The ball went into the basket. As he climbed back up the ladderto get the ball, the man was very glad. Maybe he had solved his problem! Well,he would soon see.
Ten minutes later, eighteen young men ran into the little gym. Theinstructor put nine boys on one side and one on the other. He told them tothrow the ball to each other or bounce it and, when they were near the wallwhere the basket was nailed, to try and throw the ball into the basket.
The game started, and what a game it was!
When several of the young men fell to the floor as they wereplaying, the instructor stopped the game. “Something is wrong in this game,” hesaid. “This is too unpleasant.”
He sat down and took out a piece of paper and a pencil. “Now let’shave some rules – and let’s observe them!” He paused for a minute, thinking.Then he began, “Rule number one: No one can run with the ball! You have tothrow it or bounce it to someone else on your side.”
They all agreed that it was a good rule.
“Rule number two: If a man pushes another player to get the ball,the game will stop. The man pushed will have a free throw at the basket. Nobodymust try to catch the ball on its way to the basket. ”
That rule, too, was good. Quickly, other rules were made. When thegame started again, there was less pushing, fewer men falling, and betterpassing of the ball from one man to another. A second basket was nailed to thewall at the other end of the gym.
The man, who nailed the fruit basket to the wall, was a young Canadian.His name was James Naismith, and he was a college teacher.
Listen to the text. Are the followingstatements about the text true or false? Changethe false statements to make them true.
- It was a rainy day in November, 1881.
- An instructor at Springfield College nailed a fruit basket to the wall of the gymnasium. .
- Then he threw the ball, but it didn’t go into the basket.
- Ten minutes later, twenty young men ran into the little gym.
- The instructor put ten boys on one side and ten on the other.
- He told them to throw the ball to each other or bounce it and try to throw it to the basket.
- When several players fell to the floor, the instructor stopped the game to write the rules.
- Rule number one: No one can run with the ball.
- Rule number two: If a man pushes another player to get the ball, he will be pushed by the captain of the team.
- The second rule was not good.
- A young college teacher from Canada invented basketball.
Keys: 1.False. It was a rainy day in November, 1891.
3.False. Then he threw the ball, and it went into the basket.
4.False. Ten minutes later, eighteen young men ran into the little gym.
5.False. The instructor put nine boys on one side and one on the other.
9.False. If a man pushes another player to get the ball, the game will stop. Theman pushed will have a free throw at the basket.
10.False. The second rule was good.
Iremember a friend of mine buying a couple of cheeses in Liverpool. Splendidcheeses they were, with a two hundred horsepower scent about them. I was inLiverpool at the time, and my friend asked me to take them back with me toLondon as he was not coming up for a day or two.
“Oh,with pleasure, dear boy,” I replied, “with pleasure.”
Icalled for the cheeses and took them to the station. I took my ticket, andmarched proudly up the platform, with my cheeses, the people falling backrespectfully on other side. The train was crowded, and I had to get into acarriage where there were already seven other people. A few minutes passed, andthen an old gentleman began to fidget.
“Veryclose in here,” he said.
“Yes,”said the man next him.
Andthen they both rose up without another word and went out.
Fromthe next station I had the compartment to myself, though the train was crowded.
InLondon, I took the cheeses down to my friend’s house. When his wife came intothe room she smelt round for a moment.
“Whatis it? Tell me the worst.”
“It’scheeses. Tom bought them in Liverpool, and asked me to bring them up with me.”
Threedays later, as my friend hadn’t returned home, his wife called on me.
“Whatdid Tom say about those cheeses?”
Ireplied that he had said they must be kept in moist place, and that nobody musttouch them.
“Nobodyis going to touch them. Had he smelt them?”
Ithought he had, and added that he liked them very much.
“Do youthink he will be upset,” she asked, “if I give a man some money to take themaway and bury them?”
I answeredthat I thought he would never smile again.
“Verywell, then,” said my friend’s wife, rising, “all I have to say is, that I shalltake the children and go to a hotel until those cheeses are eaten. I don’t wantto live any longer in the same house with them.”
Shekept her word and went to live in a hotel.
Whenmy friend returned he had to pay fifteen pounds for the hotel. He said hedearly loved a bit of cheese, but it was too expensive for him, so he decidedto get rid of them.
Hetook them down to a seaside town, and buried them on the beach. It gained theplace quite a reputation. Visitors said they had never noticed before howstrong the air was.
Readthe text and choose the correct item to complete the sentences.
- A friend asked me…
- to buy cheeses in Liverpool.
- to take cheeses to Liverpool.
- to take cheeses to London.
- to buy cheeses in London.
- The train was crowded, and there were… other people in my carriage.
- A few moments passed, and … went out.
- two men
- a man
- a woman
- From the next station there were only… in the compartment.
- two men
- two women
- a man and a woman
- cheeses and I
- My friend’s wife…
- ate the cheeses.
- didn’t know what to do with the cheeses.
- threw the cheeses away
- liked their smell.
- Her husband gave the instructions…
- not to touch the cheeses.
- to bury the cheeses.
- to eat the cheeses.
- to throw them away.
- The family left the house and went to… until the cheeses were eaten.
- a seaside town
- a beach
- a hotel
- My friend had to pay… for the hotel.
- sixty pounds
- fifteen pounds
- sixteen pounds
- fifty pounds
- My friend decided
- to eat all the cheeses himself.
- to eat all the cheeses with his family.
- to leave the cheeses in the hotel.
- to get rid of the cheeses.
- My friend buried the cheeses
- in the garden.
- on the cemetery.
- in the yard.
- on the beach.
Keys:1-c, 2-d, 3-a, 4-d, 5-b, 6-a, 7-c, 8-b, 9-d, 10-d.
Complete the text with the right statements
Child star mania is on the rise! Popular shows like Star Searchand Junior Idol are always searching for new childstars. Sometimes the parents of these youngsters are A _____ — arguably pushingtheir offspring to and beyond their limits; hoping to make their childrenfamous.
Fame can bring great opportunities for the youngsters. Some go onto earn В ______ and fulfilled lives. The truth however is that themajority do not. Research on the lifestyle of young performershas shown that their childhoods are often dominated by immensepressure and anxiety. Hours of training and rehearsal combinedisastrously С ________ and a poorsocial life. These vulnerable young people also have to cope with criticism,rejection and intrusive treatment from show business reporters. The loss ofprivacy, gossip and constant scrutiny D _______ of them.
Child stars often have very short careers. It can be devastatingwhen a particularly cute child E __________ and a whole glittering career isover before they are out of their teens. It is therefore not surprising that somany young child stars end up with huge emotionalproblems — some derailing their lives through destructive life styles. It can bereally difficult for them adjusting from being recognised and wanted byeveryone to being completely forgotten and ignored.
So the question is should something be done to curb this mania foryoung fame? Should the TV programs be severely controlled or even banned?Whatever the answer to these questions, the problems are likely to remain. Aslong as F _______ of ruthlessly ambitious parents — these tragedies are destinedto keep on repeating.
1. huge amounts of money and live happy
2. grows into an average looking adult
3. there are children with talent under the control
4. with a lack of normal schooling
5. with ambitious parents
6. can be too much for some
7. the ones with the real ambition.
- The French are famous for ………food.
- its b) their c) them d) they
- Where is Ann? She………the table over there.
a)sits in b) sits by c) is sitting at d) is sitting to
- It was……..
a)quite a nice flat b)a quite nice flat c)flat quite nice d)a flatquite nice
4. Paper ………….by the Chinese.
a) is invented b)was invented c)has been invented d)have beeninvented
5. Don’t worry! When the phone…….., I’ll call you.
a) rings b) ring c) will ring d)is going to ring
6. Don’t……. me like a baby. I’m a grown-up.
a) act b) handle c) treat d) deal
7. I……. to spend more time with my relatives.
a) improved b) mind c) enjoy d) decided
8. Probably, a…….of three generations will be typical in Russia inthe nearest future.
a) housing b) housekeeper c) housewife d) household
9. I live in ……..family, where three generations share the house.
a) nuclear b) an extended c) a small d) an extending
10. He keeps his collection of stamps neat and ……..
a) truly b) tiny c) order d) tidy
11. I……..this wonderful film when I was 16.
a) see b) saw c) have seen d) had seen
12. The neighbors………each other since 1992.
a) know b) knew c) had known d) have known
13. Who…….. everything with parents?
a) discusses b) discuss c) do discuss d) does discuss
14. The tourist had to pay some extra money, ……..they?
a) had b) hadn’t c) did d) didn’t
15. ……..of the brothers Grim was the eldest?
a) Who b) Whose c) Which d) What
16. Young people are fond …….. sports.
a) at b) by c) of d) in
17. I haven’t seen her …….Friday.
a) from b) with c) on d) since
18. Your friend looked upset yesterday. I’m glad he looks ……today.
a) happy b) more happy c) happier d) happy as
19. Is there ……..life on Mars?
a) a b) an c) the d) –
20. Sue took as …… books as she could carry.
a) much b) a lot of c) many d) few
21. They haven’t finished their breakfast …. .
a) already b) yet c) still d) else
22. Your house is more comfortable than ……… .
a) our b) ours c) we d) us
23. What ……. Languages does your friend speak?
a) another b) else c) other d) more
24. ……… can help me! I’m totally lost.
a) anybody b) nobody c) somebody d) everybody
25. He used ……. her with housework.
a) help b) to help c) helping d) helped
26. Where …….. before you moved to Mexico?
a) you did live b) had you lived c) you lived d) you had lived
27. According to the rules of the library you …… keep the booksfor a fortnight.
a) may b) must c) needn’t d) need
28. The book that is …….. on the table is the teacher’s one.
a) laying b) putting c) lying d) lay
29. We have never met before, …… we?
a) haven’t b) have c) are d) aren’t
30. There is ……. provocative in her behavior. She is very shy andmodest.
a) something b) anything c) everything d) nothing
Keys to the test.
Listening An Incident
It was the early evening rush-hour in Montgomery. Mrs. Rosa Parkshad just finished work for the day and was waiting at a bus-stop for a bus totake her home. When the bus arrived, she got on through the front door anddropped her twenty cents fare into the coin box next to the driver. Then shequickly stepped off the bus again and hurried to the back to board by the reardoor.
Standing at the back of the moving bus, she noticed that althoughthere were a number of seats free in the first four rows, there was only oneempty seat in her part of the bus. She walked forward to the fifth row and satdown, glad to have found a place to sit. At the next stop, some more passengersgot on and filled the empty seats in the first four rows. One man could notfind a seat, however, and stood in the aisle next to Mrs. Parks waiting for herto get up for him. Mrs. Parks did not move.
Thebus driver swore and stopped the bus in the middle of the road. He had beenwatching Mrs. Parks and the man in his rear mirror and was very angry. He gotout of his seat, walked down the aisle and ordered her to stand. Mrs. Parksquietly but firmly refused. She had been standing all day in the department storewhere she worked and was tired. The bus driver swore at her, and, when shestill refused to move, called the police. Mrs. Parks was still sitting in herseat when two policemen arrived a few minutes later. When she again refused toget up, the policemen arrested her for breaking the city bus regulations.
Listento the text and choose the correct item to complete the sentences.
- It was the… rush-hour in Montgomery.
- late morning
- early evening
- early morning
- late evening
- Mrs. Rosa Parks was waiting for a bus to take her…
- to work.
- to school.
- to a shop.
- The fare was…
- twenty-five cents.
- twenty cents.
- thirty cents.
- forty cents.
- She boarded the bus by the… door.
- There were some free seats…
- near the driver.
- in the last row.
- in the first four rows.
- in her part of the bus.
- She sat down on the empty seat in the… row.
- At the next stop some more passengers filled the empty seats in the first… rows.
- One… could not find a seat and stood next to Mrs. Parks.
- … ordered Mrs. Parks to stand up.
- The man
- The driver
- The woman
- The boy
- Mrs. Parks…
- stood up quietly.
- stood up angrily.
- refused to stand up.
- The policemen…
- gave her another seat.
- helped her get rid of the rude man.
- arrested her for breaking the city bus regulations.
- arrested the driver for breaking the city bus regulations.
Keys:1-b, 2-a, 3-b, 4-d, 5-c, 6-d, 7-c, 8-a, 9-b, 10d, 11c.
Real Life Drama: Face to Facewith Hurricane Camille
John Koshakknew that Hurricane Camille would be bad. He had heard warnings on the radioand TV all day as the storm rushed northwest across the Gulf of Mexico. Hedidn’t think he and his family were in any real danger, however.
“Ourhouse is twenty-three feet above sea level,” he said to his father, “and250yards from the ocean. This house has stood here since 1915, and no hurricanehas blown it away. We’ll be safe here.”
Johnand his father prepared for the storm. They filled the bathtub and every bucketthey could find with water. This was in case the water mains were damaged. Theychecked the batteries in their flashlights and put kerosene in two lanterns incase there was a power failure. They closed the shutters on the windows.
Itgrew dark before seven o’clock. They had never seen such wind and rain before;the house was shaking.
Thesea water was up to the door. Suddenly the door blew off; sea water filled thedownstairs, and the electricity went off.
“Everybodyon the stairs,” shouted John.
TheKoshak family – John, his parents, wife, children, and a cat and a dog – sat onthe stairs and watched the water rise higher and higher.
“Ican’t swim!” one of the children cried.
“Everybodyupstairs to the second floor,” John shouted.
Amoment later, the wind lifted the roof off the house, and the bedroom wallscollapsed.
“On thefloor! Everybody lie on the floor!”
Johnpulled mattresses from the beds and threw them over his family. His father torethe doors from the closets.
“If thefloor goes, use these doors as rafts,” he shouted.
Thewater was already running across the floor. The dog and the cat haddisappeared. The Koshaks huddled on the floor and prayed. After what seemed aneternity, the wind dropped, and the water stopped rising. The hurricane hadpassed, the family had survived.
Later,Grandmother Koshak said, “We lost all our possessions, but the family camethrough. When I think of that, I realize that we haven’t lost anythingimportant.”
Twodays after the hurricane, the family’s cat and dog reappeared.
Read the text. Are the followingstatements about the text true or false? Changethe false statements to make them true.
- John Koshak knew that Hurricane Camille would be bad.
- He had heard warnings on the radio and TV and thought he and his family were in a real danger.
- His house was 250 yards from the ocean, and no hurricane had blown it away.
- His house was built in1916.
- John and his father prepared for the storm.
- They prepared water, kerosene and closed the shutters on the windows.
- It grew light before six o’clock.
- The wind was very strong, but their house was not damaged.
- The cat and the dog were with the family during hurricane.
- The family had survived.
- They hadn’t lost anything important.
Keys: 1. True
2. False. He didn’t think he and his family were in any realdanger.
4. False. His house was built in1915.
7. False. It grew dark before seven o’clock.
8. False. The house was damaged.
9. False. The cat and the dog had disappeared.
Прочитайтетексты и установите соответствие между заголовками 1–8 и текстами А–G. Запишитесвои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании естьодин лишний заголовок.
- Variety helps socializing
- The Net socializing
- Negative socializing
- Fears of loneliness
- Socializing dominates education
- Eager to socialize
- Family socializing
- Kids need more socializing
А. Moststudents that don’t have any friends at school get depressed or somethingbecause they feel lonely, down, and that nobody wants to talk to them. Theyalso might get those phobia things, like for instance, being insecure whentalking to someone, or people, for one of the “first” times. So therefore, whena teacher calls them, they might feel uncomfortable with answering. They alsomight have stuff going through their heads and can’t focus on a test,worksheet, or whatever class assignment.
В. Inmany instances, the failure to socialize may be a key factor in qualifying forspecial education. It is one of the triad of feature for a diagnosis of autism,for example. Special education has a very strong emphasis on inclusion, whichin significant part provides for increased social interaction. Learning how toget by in society is an absolutely key component to education, irrespective ofwhether it is the subject of a performance test.
С. Inorder to get through school properly you need to be able to socialize. It isespecially important for little children. That’s why in my early childhoodeducation course we are learning that developing ways of having healthy socialinteractions is so important for children.
D. Varioussocieties have varied socializing skills among their members. It does not meanthat one culture is superior to others. It just depends on the way that the civilizationunder study has progressed. A civilization which has cultivated its younggeneration with a common set of rules and a uniform educational system is morelikely to be at harmony. But on the other hand in the United States of Americaeach minor community brings its culture, its ethnicity and their customs.Having so many socializing influences makes the society more tolerant.
E. Myboyfriend used to go out clubbing all the time. But I’m an introvert and Ican’t stand that way of easy living. I told him how it made me feel but he sayshe wants to start going out more, he says socializing is part of his path inlife. I asked him what it would be like if we had our own place, he said hewould be working all day and then out socializing every night except for theweekends, then he would spend it with me, this is what he would be like if welived together.
F. Everytime I use Myspace, Facebook or Bebo, I have a chance to socialize. I use thesewebsites to talk to old friends and make new friends, but the thing is I neverever get that chance to meet a friend, it would be cool to try that, but Idon’t know what socializing websites guarantee that, I would like a safe teensite, where I can meet and make cool mates.
G. Thereare two types of socializing, depending on the nature of factors that influencethem. One is positive when a person learns through good and happy experiences.Parents teaching their kids from their experiences, learning from books or frompeers are some example of positive socializing. Positive socializing can takeon the form of natural socializing and planned socializing.
Раздел1. Задание B1-B5
Прочитайтеприведенные ниже предложения. Раскройте скобки , употребите глаголы в нужнойформе и заполните пропуски.
B1. Ialways …..(drink) milk for my breakfast but today I ……(have) a cup of hotcocoa.
B2.Julia’s sick so she …….(not come ) to our meeting. Let’s start.
B3.Open the door! Some …….(just ring) the bell for the second time.
B4.While Frank …….(study ) last night ,his sister …….( make) ten calls on hismobile.
B5.I……..( write ) most of my report yesterday but ……..(finish) it yet.
Раздел2 . Задание В6-B15, Выберите правильный вариант ответа.
B6.Weexpect you…(come) to his birthday.
а) to come
B7.Shemade him… ( promise) to give the picture to her.
B8.Haveyou … your homework? — Not yet.
B9. Heis terribly fat. He ..… eat too much.
B10. She…… (pass) her exams next month if she worked hard
B11.Shell lose weight when she… ( go ) on a diet.
B12.Dresses …… (make) preferably of cotton soon in hot countries.
B13.Whatlanguage ….. (speak ) in this room now ?
b) isbeing spoken
B14.Last month I was in Turkey. You ever (be) there?
B15.Lookhere! I simply refuse to believe what you ….. me now.
b)have been telling
c) have told
Раздел 3 . Fill in : joke, moody,catch, trusting, prescription, selfish, patient, pain, earn, toothdecay, agency, screen, ancient
- Shes a _____ woman. She can be happy one minute and angry the next.
- A _____ child believes everything you tell him and follows where you lead.
- The doctor wrote him a _____ for two tablets.
- Yesterday I fell off the bike and now I have a _____ in the knee.
- Did you book the tickets on the Internet or at a travel _____?
- It’s boiling hot today – don’t forget to put some sun _____ on!
- Be _____, your time will come.
- If a ship is sinking and you refuse to let anyone else into your 4-person lifeboat, youre extremely _____.
- How much does Kate _____ from her job?
- She’s always playing a _____ on Sam.
- You can _____ the local bus to get to the city centre.
- Tom is interested in studying the history of _____ civilizations.
- Cleaning your teeth twice a day helps to prevent _____.
10 –WRITING Ключи к заданиям.
Раздел1. Задание B1-B5
B1-drink;- am having;
B3- hasjust rung;
B4- wasstudying ; — made;
B 5– wrote; — haven’t finished;
Раздел 2. Задание В6-B15
B6-а) to come
B9- a) mustn’t
B10- a)would pass
B11- b )goes
B12- b) are made
B13 b)is being spoken
B14- c)have been
B15-) are telling
Раздел 3 . Fill in : joke, moody,catch, trusting, prescription, selfish, patient, pain, earn, toothdecay, agency, screen, ancient
1.Shes a moody woman. She can be happy oneminute and angry the next.
2. A trusting child believes everything you tellhim and follows where you lead.
3.The doctor wrote him a prescription for twotablets.
4.Yesterday I fell off the bike and now I have a pain inthe knee.
5.Did you book the tickets on the Internet or at a travel agency?
6.It’s boiling hot today – don’t forget to put some sun screen on!
7.Be patient, your time will come.
8.If a ship is sinking and you refuse to let anyone else into your4-person lifeboat, youre extremely selfish.
9.How much does Kate earn from her job?
10.She’s always playing a joke on Sam.
11.You can catch the local bus to get to the citycentre.
12.Tom is interested in studying the history of ancient civilizations.
13.Cleaning your teeth twice a day helps to prevent toothdecay.
Промежуточная аттестация поанглийскому языку (10 класс)
Listening Comprehension TheHeron
Half amile from home, at the far edge of the woods where the land was highest, agreat pine tree stood. The top of this ancient tree towered above all theothers and made it visible for miles and miles. Sylvia had always believed thatwhoever climbed to the top of it could see the ocean. Now she thought of thetree with a new excitement. Why, if she climbed at dawn, would she not be ableto see the whole world, and discover where the white heron flew, and find itshidden nest?
Whatan adventure! As she lay awake in her bed, she thought of the glory and triumphof telling everyone the secret of where the heron hid. Sylvia knew her motherand her guest were fast asleep, so she crept out of the house and followed thepath through the woods. The air was filled with the sleepy songs ofhalf-awakened birds.
Therewas the huge tree, seeming to sleep in the fading moonlight. Sylvia bravelybegan to climb, the blood racing through her veins, her bare hands and feetgripping the bark. First she had to climb the oak tree that grew alongside.Sylvia felt her way easily. She had often climbed there before, and knew thathigher up one of the oak’s upper branches rubbed against the pine trunk. Whenshe had reached it, the way was harder than she had thought. The sharp twigsscratched her, and the sticky pine sap made her little fingers clumsy andstiff.
Thetree seemed to grow taller as she climbed, and she began to doubt if she couldreach her goal before dawn. But Sylvia passed the last thorny branch, her faceshining with triumph as she stood at the very top, weak and shaking withexhaustion.
Therewas the sea, dazzling in the first morning light. Two hawks flew east, so farbelow her she felt she, too, might fly away among the clouds. The birds sanglouder and louder until the sun came up.
Thisbeauty almost overwhelmed little Sylvia, but she did not forget her mission.Where was the white heron? She looked down to the green marsh where she hadseen him before. There he was, rising and sweeping towards the great pine tree.He landed, and Sylvia froze as she watched the heron, perched two branchesbelow, calling to his mate, cleaning his feathers for the new day.
toweredabove — возвышенный
layawake — лежать без сна
creptout – выползать
fadingmoonlight — угасающий лунный свет
feetgripping the bark — ноги сжимают кору
oaktree that grew alongside — дуб, который рос рядом
sharp twigs- острые веточки
stickypine sap made her little fingers clumsy and stiff — липкий сосновый сок сделал ее маленькие пальцы неуклюжими и жесткими.
thethorny branch — колючая ветвь
shakingwith exhaustion — дрожа от истощения
1.False2True 3 False 4 True 5 False 6 True 7 True 8 True 9 False 10 False
11. C12.C 13. D 14. B 15.C 16. A 17. A 18. B 19. C 20. B
Test 1: True/False
- Sylvia wanted to climb the tree to see the ocean.
- No one knew Sylvia was going to climb the tree.
- Sylvia was wearing shoes.
- Sylvia had to climb the oak tree before she could climb the pine tree.
- Sylvia had climbed the pine tree before.
- Sylvia hurt herself while she was climbing the tree.
- The tree was taller than Sylvia thought.
- The sun was not totally up when Sylvia reached the top.
- The birds Sylvia saw were flying west.
- Sylvia saw the heron with its mate.
Test 2: Multiple Choice
- Where was the pine tree located?
a. atthe bottom of a hill
b.next to Sylvia’s house.
c. ata high point near Sylvia’s house.
d. inthe middle of a forest.
- What made the pine tree so special to Sylvia?
a. Itwas Sylvia’s hiding place.
b.Sylvia had built a tree house in it.
c.Sylvia was fascinated by its height.
d.Sylvia dreamed of it every night.
- Why did Sylvia decide to climb the pine tree?
a.Because it seemed an easy thing to do.
b.Because she had climbed it before.
c.Because it was used to an oak tree she used to climb.
d.Because she wanted to know where the white bird hid.
- Sylvia wanted to
a.keep the heron’s hiding place a secret.
b.tell everyone where the heron was.
d.have someone help her.
- Who was at Sylvia’s house when she left?
b. hermother and her father
c. hermother and a guest
d. hermother and her brother
- When did Sylvia climb the pine tree?
b. inthe morning
c. inthe afternoon
- How did she feel while climbing the pine tree?
a. Shethought she might never make it in time.
b. Shethought of giving up because she was hurt.
c. Shefelt disgusted because of the sap.
d. Shewas terrified of falling.
- How did she feel when she reached the top?
a. Shewas so frightened of falling that her body shook.
b. Shewas delighted but felt very tired.
c. Shewas delighted, but disappointed that the bird’s nest was not there.
d. Shewas so delighted that she did not feel tired.
- What did the bird do when he reached the tree?
a. Hesat down next to her.
b. Heshouted for help.
c. Hesettled on a lower branch.
d. Heflew past her.
- After the bird reached the tree, what happened to Sylvia?
a. Shegot very cold.
b. Shestopped moving.
c. Shecalled to him.
Прочитайте текст. Определите,какие из приведённых утверждений 10—17 соответствуют содержанию текста (1— True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чём втексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного,ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated).
AudreyKathleen van Heemstra Hepburn-Ruston was born in Brussels on May 4, 1929 in thefamily of a wealthy English banker and a Dutch baroness. She spent her earlychildhood travelling between England, Belgium, and the Netherlands. Her parentsdivorced when she was six. Then came the war. Her mother moved with Audrey toher parents’ home in the neutral Netherlands. The following year the countrywas invaded by the Nazis. It was a difficult time for the whole family. Therewas very little food. Audrey and her family had to dig vegetables from the hardfrozen ground, for some time they survived on flour made from tulip bulbs.
Audrey’sgreatest love was music. She wanted to be a dancer, and she studied dancingsince she was five. In 1948, Audrey and her mother moved to London. Audrey wentto a ballet school. She worked hard at her dancing. She had no time forboyfriends. But one day the ballet school teacher told her, ‘I’m sorry, butyou’ll never be a famous dancer. You’re too tall.’
Audreywas sad, but then something happened. She was given a small part in a bigLondon musical. She quickly found jobs in other musicals. Everybody liked thisthin girl with a pretty face and wide smile.
WhenAudrey was twenty, she had small parts in several movies and during the filmingof a movie she met a famous novelist and screenwriter Colette. Colette wantedto find a girl for the Broadway musical of her book, Gigi. Whenshe saw Audrey, she said. ‘She is Gigi! Half-woman, half-boy.’ This role wonHepburn a Theatre World Award in 1952.
Thesame year a Hollywood movie producer offered her the part of a princess in abig new movie, Roman Holiday. The film was a great success andAudrey won an Oscar for Best Actress.
Audreystarred in about 30 films, among them were War and Peace (1956), Breakfastat Tiffanys (1961), My Fair Lady (1964), Howto Steal a Million (1965). But she always made it clear that familywas more important for her than work. She was married twice and had two sons.After her second son was born in 1970, she said: ‘I don’t want to make any moremovies. I’m happy as a good wife and mother.’ However, her second marriageended in divorce — just like the first one. Since 1970 Audreylived a quiet life in her house in Switzerland raising her two sons. She onlymade two or three more movies, and they were not very good. She made thembecause she needed money.
Whenshe became older, she wanted to do something more important with her life. Shestarted to work for the United Nations. She was officially appointed UNICEFGoodwill Ambassador. She visited the poorest and most dangerous countries inthe world. In 1992, she travelled to Africa for the last time. When she cameback, she was seriously ill. The doctors thought it was some infection, but itwas cancer. On January 20, 1993, Audrey Hepburn died. She was sixty-four.
Audreywas one of the few actresses who became the symbol of their time, whose lookwas imitated by thousands of girls. She became and stayed the symbol ofelegance, glamour, charm, and grace. As one of film critics said ‘In thiscruel and imperfect world Audrey was living proof that God could still createperfection.’
- The first years of Audrey’s childhood were full of hardships.
- True 2) False 3) Not stated
- The Netherlands was never occupied by the Fascist troops.
- True 2) False 3) Not stated
- Audrey had a great talent for dancing.
- True 2) False 3) Not stated
- Audrey Hepburn won several Oscars.
- True 2) False 3) Not stated
- Audrey Hepburn put her acting career higher than anything else.
- True 2) False 3) Not stated
- In the second part of her life Audrey spent much time in charity activities.
- True 2) False 3) Not stated
- She started working for the UN because she needed money.
- True 2) False 3) Not stated
- Audrey Hepburn had a great personality and seemed perfect in everything.
- True 2) False 3) Not stated
Прочитайтетексты и установите соответствие между заголовками 1 – 8 и текстами А – G.Запишите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. Взадании есть один лишний заголовок.
- The main point
- The Net influence
- Lack of choice
- Wild way of entertaining
- The top five
- Media communication
- Mobile media entertainment
А. Between December 2003 and December 2005, total TV reachdeclined but the biggest fall was among young people – it fell by 2.9% for 16–24 year-olds. During 2005, reach declined by 2.2% in that age group. Reach isdefined as at least 15 minutes of consecutive TV viewing in a week. Industryfigures say the decline could be due to the growth of the internet. DVDs andgaming could also be factors, they said.
В. DigitalSpy is a showbiz, entertainment and digital media community. It is the UK’slargest independent entertainment website generating over 90 million monthlypage impressions. Digital Spy is also renowned for its extensive and uniquecoverage of Big Brother each year. The discussion forums have more than 290,000registered users and 28.3 million posts.
С. Young people (8–18) devote an average of 7 hours and 38minutes to using entertainment media across a typical day (more than 53 hours aweek), increasing by one hour and seventeen minutes a day over the past fiveyears, according to a new study, Generation M2: Media in the Lives of 8- to 18-Year-Olds,designed and analyzed by the Kaiser Family Foundation and Stanford Universityresearchers.
The increase in media use is driven in large part by ready accessto mobile devices like cell phones and iPods. Young people now spend more timelistening to music, playing games, and watching TV on their cell phones (atotal of 49 min. daily) than they spend talking on them (33 min.).
D. WhenI plan my parties, I spend time thinking about the menu, the music, the tablesettings, centerpieces and all the other little details that go into making awonderful event. But the first thing I really focus on is my guests. After all,that’s the real reason for all the rest. They are usually my friends and I tryto do my best to adjust my party to each of our company.
E. He writes a blog, downloads Korean television shows, managestwo Web sites devoted to music and plays an online game called RongguangHospital, at Baidu.com. “I started doing a lot ofthis when I was about 11 years old,” says Mr. Li, a freshman at the ShanghaiMaritime University. “Now, I spend most of my leisure time on the Internet,” hesays. “There’s nowhere else to go.”
F. Additionally, anyone under 18 and out of childhood hasseverely limited options when it comes to entertainment. Just about everybodyhas experienced the frustration of being under 18 and having nowhere to goapart from the movies or the zoo. Most young people are interested in popularmusic, but beyond their TV and radio, there’s verylittle offered to them. Essentially, any licensed premises are out of boundswhich creates an enormous void in popular music options.
G. Thissurvey was done in March 2010 (Term 1), and so it is not surprising that summerHollywood blockbusters featured in the films listed by students as the mostenjoyable film they’d watched recently. The top 5 films were Alicein Wonderland, Avatar, Shutter Island, Valentine’s Day and TheHangover. It is interesting to note that 3 of the top 5 films have unrestrictedratings.
- Complete the text with a, an, the where necessary.
There is plenty to see and do in and around Moscow, during (1)____day and
at (2)____ night. Visit (3)_____ Kremlin, (4)____ most famous sitein Moscow;
walk round (5)_____ busy streets and buy (6)_____ traditionalRussian souvenirs.
Go to (7)_____ Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts or (8)_____ TretyakovGallery. Enjoy your stay in Moscow, it’s (9)_____ great place for (10)____holiday. 10 points
- Fill in the blanks with the –ing form or infinitive (with or without to).
- She apologised for __________ (interrupt) the session.
- They seemed __________ (know) each other’s thoughts before they spoke.
- John is afraid of _________ (fly).
- It’s cold outside. You’d better __________ (take) your coat.
- We saw them __________ (do) all the damage.
- She enjoys __________ (receive) people at home.
- I would like __________ (meet) that writer.
- I stopped __________ (play) football because of a knee injury.
- They couldn’t __________ (find) the way easily.
- The English teacher allows us _________ (use) the dictionary. 10 points
3. Putthe verbs in brackets into the present simple, present continuous, presentperfect or present perfect continuous.
1. Whos that lady who____ a red pullover?
wears is wearing
wore has worn
2. Shesays she ______ this man for ages.
hasknown has been knowing
3. In this picture a man ______ his dog.
is walking has walked
walks has been walking
4. My bike is not there! Im sure they _____it!
stole have stolen
is stoling has been stoling
5. I ______ for you all day. Where have you been?
am looking have looked
looks have been looking
6. You look upset. What ______ to you?
has been happening has happened
happens is happening
7. Mrs. Stone ______as a teacher for twenty years.
has been working is working
8. On a typical the average person_______ about 48,000 words.
arespeaking has spoken
9. Ioften _______ books from the library.
10.…you …to London?
Were… Are…being… 10 points
4.Formthe degree of the adjectives.
1.Happiness and health are (important) than money.
2. IsPat (intelligent) than Brian?
3. The21stof June is (long) day in the northern hemisphere.
4. Itis (cheap) restaurant in the town.
5. Heis (old) than all the students.
6. TheMississippi is (long) than the Thames.
7. Heis one of (rich) people in the world.
8. Itwas (bad) mistake in my life.
9.Yesterday you looked sad, but today you look (happy).
10. InAlmaty the prices are (high) than in other cities of our country.
5.have been looking
6. has happened
7. hasbeen working